Some of the key government institutions which the Programme Management Unit (PMU) will work very closely with in Phase II includes the Department of Health, Department of National Planning and District Development, Department of Works, and Department of Community Development. Also the Provincial Governments, District Administrations, and Local Level Governments (LLG) would form the basis of the institutional partnerships needed in successfully implementing Phase II of RWSSP.
Some notable representatives from these key government institutions include the respective Ministers, Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries, Programme Managers, provincial managers or directors, district administrators, and LLG managers.
Non-State Actors (NSA) that are contracted respectively in Phase II of the RWSSP to implement water and sanitation schemes are required to connect with key government institutions and their respective representatives at both the provincial and local levels.
Contracted NSAs, as water and sanitation projects' implementing agencies, need to involve in whatever appropriate capacities the locally available technical and specialized manpower to implement their projects. For example, the provincial health monitoring and evaluations specialists may be independently engaged by the contracted NSAs to verify the schemes during implementation and upon completion.
In Phase I of RWSSP (2006-2008), the involvement of key government institutions and their representatives was limited. Based on "lessons learnt" from Phase I, the PMU hopes to see important linkages, relationships, and partnerships built by contracted NSAs in Phase II so that all key institutions and their representatives are involved in effectively and efficiently implement water and sanitation projects in Papua New Guinea.